Optimization of the Büchi B-90 spray drying process using central composite design for preparation of solid dispersions

Int J Pharm. 2015 Aug 1;491(1-2):208-17. doi: 10.1016/j.ijpharm.2015.06.006. Epub 2015 Jun 9.


A central composite design approach was applied to study the effect of polymer concentration, inlet temperature and air flow rate on the spray drying process of the Büchi B-90 nano spray dryer (B-90). Hypromellose acetate succinate-LF was used for the Design of Experiment (DoE) study. Statistically significant models to predict the yield, spray rate, and drying efficiency were generated from the study. The spray drying conditions were optimized according to the models to maximize the yield and efficiency of the process. The models were further validated using a poorly water-soluble investigational compound (BI064) from Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals. The polymer/drug ratio ranged from 1/1 to 3/1w/w. The spray dried formulations were amorphous determined by differential scanning calorimetry and X-ray powder diffraction. The particle size of the spray dried formulations was 2-10 μm under polarized light microscopy. All the formulations were physically stable for at least 3h when suspended in an aqueous vehicle composed of 1% methyl cellulose. This study demonstrates that DoE is a useful tool to optimize the spray drying process, and the B-90 can be used to efficiently produce amorphous solid dispersions with a limited quantity of drug substance available during drug discovery stages.

Keywords: Amorphous solid dispersion; Büchi B-90; Design of experiment; Model; Spray drying.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Calorimetry, Differential Scanning
  • Chemistry, Pharmaceutical / instrumentation*
  • Chemistry, Pharmaceutical / methods*
  • Desiccation / instrumentation*
  • Desiccation / methods*
  • Excipients
  • Hypromellose Derivatives / chemistry
  • Methylcellulose / chemistry
  • Microscopy, Electron, Scanning
  • Nanotechnology
  • Pharmaceutical Vehicles
  • Polymers
  • Solubility
  • Suspensions
  • X-Ray Diffraction


  • Excipients
  • Pharmaceutical Vehicles
  • Polymers
  • Suspensions
  • Hypromellose Derivatives
  • Methylcellulose