Evaluation of motion sickness susceptibility by motion sickness susceptibility questionnaire in adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis: a case-control study

Eur Spine J. 2016 Feb;25(2):438-43. doi: 10.1007/s00586-015-4060-5. Epub 2015 Jun 16.

Abstract

Purpose: Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is a three-dimensional deformity of the spine, with unknown origin. Some studies have noted impaired postural balance in AIS, in particular, difficulty to manage situations with sensory conflict. The motion sickness susceptibility can be secondary to a sensory conflict, for example, between visual and vestibular information. Our hypothesis is: patients with AIS have difficulty in managing situations with sensory conflict and therefore have increased motion sickness susceptibility. The purpose of this study was to evaluate in AIS subjects by evaluating their susceptibility to motion sickness, as compared to a control group.

Methods: We conducted an analysis of data on motion sickness susceptibility collected prospectively from 2012, with the B score of motion sickness susceptibility questionnaire. This evaluation was completed for 65 adolescents (age 14.5 ± 1.6 year) with major right thoracic AIS (Cobb = 40.7° ± 13.1°) and 71 matched controls (14.6 ± 1.6 year).

Results: Adolescents with major right thoracic AIS were more susceptible to motion sickness (B score = 5.3 ± 5.8) than controls (B score = 3.4 ± 3.7) with significant difference (p = 0.025).

Conclusions: We interpret our results suggesting there is difficulty for patients with AIS to manage situations with sensory conflict. Previous studies focusing on situations with sensory conflict in AIS have required sophisticated technology. They are not accessible for routine patient management. Our research shows the same result with simple, non invasive, low-cost and quick method: B score of motion sickness susceptibility questionnaire.

Keywords: Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis; Motion sickness; Postural control; Sensory conflict.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Disease Susceptibility
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Motion Sickness / physiopathology*
  • Postural Balance / physiology
  • Prospective Studies
  • Scoliosis / physiopathology*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires