We combined the advantages of the selective inhibitor VX689, the bisubstrate-analogue conjugate approach, and photoreactive amino acids to develop 8 photoaffinity probes for Aurora A. The most efficient compounds possessed one-digit nanomolar KD values in the equilibrium binding assay, inhibited Aurora A at elevated concentrations of ATP in the phosphorylation assay in the presence of TPX2, and formed covalent complexes with the recombinant kinase or Aurora A in HeLa cells upon UV-irradiation. The recognition of the correct target by the probes during formation of the covalent complex in the biochemical assay and in situ was demonstrated by competition experiments using the non-labelled inhibitors VX689 and MLN8237.
Keywords: Aurora A; Covalent irreversible inhibitor; Fluorescent probe; Photoaffinity labelling; Protein kinase; VX689 (MK-5108).
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