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Review
, 52 (6), 998-1011

A Review of Plasmodium coatneyi-Macaque Models of Severe Malaria

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Review

A Review of Plasmodium coatneyi-Macaque Models of Severe Malaria

E D Lombardini et al. Vet Pathol.

Abstract

Malaria remains one of the most significant public health concerns in the world today. Approximately half the human population is at risk for infection, with children and pregnant women being most vulnerable. More than 90% of the total human malaria burden, which numbers in excess of 200 million annually, is due to Plasmodium falciparum. Lack of an effective vaccine and a dwindling stockpile of antimalarial drugs due to increased plasmodial resistance underscore the critical need for valid animal models. Plasmodium coatneyi was described in Southeast Asia 50 years ago. This plasmodium of nonhuman primates has been used sporadically as a model for severe malaria, as it mimics many of the pathophysiologic features of human disease. This review covers the reported macroscopic, microscopic, ultrastructural, and molecular pathology of P. coatneyi infection in macaques, specifically focusing on the rhesus macaque, as well as describing the critical needs still outstanding in the validation of this crucial model of human disease.

Keywords: Plasmodium coatneyi; cerebral; macaque; malaria; model; pathology; pathophysiology; severe.

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