One of the most widely used methods for glycan analysis is fluorescent labeling of released glycans followed by hydrophilic interaction chromatography-(ultra-)high-performance liquid chromatography [HILIC-(U)HPLC]. Here, we compare the data obtained by (U)HPLC-fluorescence (FLR) coupled to electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) for procainamide and 2-aminobenzamide (2-AB)-labeled N-glycans released from human immunoglobulin G (IgG). Fluorescence profiles from procainamide show comparable chromatographic separation to those obtained for 2-AB but gave higher fluorescence intensity as well as significantly improved ESI efficiency (up to 30 times that of 2-AB). Thus, labeling with procainamide increases the ability to identify minor glycan species that may have significant biological activity.
Keywords: ESI–MS; Fluorescent labeling; Glycan derivatization; HILIC–(U)HPLC; Procainamide.
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