The generation of transplasmic Drosophila simulans by cytoplasmic injection: effects of segregation and selection on the perpetuation of mitochondrial DNA heteroplasmy

Mol Gen Genet. 1989 Dec;220(1):127-32. doi: 10.1007/BF00260866.


Experimental transplasmic Drosophila simulans were obtained through cytoplasm microinjection between eggs carrying different mitochondrial genomes. These genomes (siII and siIII) show a 1.5% difference in their sequences. They produced a large number of heteroplasmic flies in their F1 progeny and several flies were still heteroplasmic at the eighth generation. The distribution of frequencies of mitochondrial genotypes in the offspring of heteroplasmic females suggests that the stochastic processes involved in the evolution of experimental heteroplasmy of multiple nucleotide sites are very similar to those previously described for spontaneous length heteroplasmy. In addition, the siII genome has a noticeable advantage over the siIII genome in both directions of injection. This advantage is estimated at 58% per fly generation and 5% per cell generation.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cytoplasm
  • DNA, Mitochondrial / genetics*
  • Drosophila / genetics*
  • Female
  • Genetic Markers
  • Microinjections
  • Mutation*
  • Recombination, Genetic*
  • Selection, Genetic*


  • DNA, Mitochondrial
  • Genetic Markers