Diagnosis of prosthetic vascular graft infection (PVGI) is a clinical challenge requiring accurate diagnostic methods for their optimal management. A 65-year-old patient with suspected PVGI was explored by fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography combined with computed tomography ((18)F-FDG PET-CT) for pretreatment staging. Standard imaging was unrevealing but PET images showed multiple foci with increased uptake suggesting prosthetic infection. While routine results from the diagnostic laboratory were negative, prosthesis sonication before standard culture revealed the same bacterium as a culture of preoperative lymphocele aspiration. (18)F-FDG PET-CT and preliminary sonication of the prosthetic graft could be very helpful in the diagnosis of PVGI especially for highlighting biofilm bacteria.
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