Extracellular matrix metalloproteinase inducer (EMMPRIN), known for its ability to induce matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) expression, was proposed to play a role in the adverse cardiac extracellular matrix remodeling. After observing an age-associated increase in cardiac EMMPRIN expression in both mice and rats, the role and mechanism of action of EMMPRIN was investigated in the myocardial age-associated changes using 3, 12 and 24 month old EMMPRIN knock-out (KO) vs. wild-type (WT) mice, by cardiac echocardiography, Western blots, immunohistochemistry, ELISA and histology. Adilated cardiomyopathy characterized by a decreased ejection fraction and an enlargement of left ventricular chamber (LV) associated with LV hypertrophy, occurred in KO mice as soon as 12 month old. The increase in interstitial collagen deposition during aging in WT mice could not be detected in KO mice. This may be related to the reduced activation (48% reduction; P < 0.05) and signaling (smad2/3 nuclear translocation) of TGF-β in the 12 month old KO mice which paralleled with a greater reduction in the TGF-β known activating enzymes such as MT1-MMP and MMP-1 (33% and 37% reduction respectively, between 3 and 12 month old in KO mice; P < 0.05) as well as uPA. These findings demonstrate that EMMPRIN gene silencing is associated with an aberrant extracellular matrix remodeling, characterized by the absence of a detected age-associated fibrosis and consequently to dilated cardiopathy, indicating that a fine regulation of EMMPRIN is essential for the coordinated ECM remodeling during aging.