A Minireview of Effects of Green Tea on Energy Expenditure

Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 2017 Jan 22;57(2):254-258. doi: 10.1080/10408398.2014.986672.

Abstract

In recent years, individuals have begun to tend more frequently to some natural and herbal products to be used alone or as a combination with diet and exercise for ensuring the weight loss. Green tea is the leading one of these products. In some studies, it is reported that the green tea causes an increase in thermogenesis and substrate with fat oxidation by affecting on the sympathetic nervous system. It is reported that green tea has two main components that are associated with energy expenditure. One of them is caffeine and the other is catechin content. Each of these two components has an impact on energy mechanism separately. In this minireview article, mechanisms of action and effects of caffeine and catechin, which are found in green tea composition, on energy expenditure are assessed.

Keywords: Green tea; caffeine; catechin; energy expenditure; thermogenesis.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Anti-Obesity Agents / analysis
  • Anti-Obesity Agents / chemistry
  • Anti-Obesity Agents / therapeutic use
  • Appetite Regulation
  • Caffeine / analysis
  • Caffeine / therapeutic use
  • Camellia sinensis / chemistry
  • Camellia sinensis / enzymology
  • Catechin / analogs & derivatives
  • Catechin / analysis
  • Catechin / therapeutic use
  • Central Nervous System / enzymology
  • Central Nervous System / metabolism
  • Dietary Supplements
  • Energy Metabolism*
  • Enzyme Inhibitors / analysis
  • Enzyme Inhibitors / chemistry
  • Enzyme Inhibitors / therapeutic use
  • Food Handling*
  • Hot Temperature
  • Humans
  • Models, Biological*
  • Overweight / metabolism
  • Overweight / prevention & control
  • Plant Extracts / chemistry
  • Plant Extracts / therapeutic use
  • Plant Leaves / chemistry
  • Plant Leaves / enzymology
  • Protein Denaturation
  • Tea / chemistry*
  • Thermogenesis

Substances

  • Anti-Obesity Agents
  • Enzyme Inhibitors
  • Plant Extracts
  • Tea
  • Caffeine
  • Catechin