Posterior Tibialis Tendon Dysfunction: Overview of Evaluation and Management

Orthopedics. 2015 Jun;38(6):385-91. doi: 10.3928/01477447-20150603-06.


EDUCATIONAL OBJECTIVES As a result of reading this article, physicians should be able to: 1. Recognize posterior tibialis tendon dysfunction and begin to include it in differential diagnoses. 2. Recall the basic anatomy and pathology of the posterior tibialis tendon. 3. Assess a patient for posterior tibialis tendon dysfunction with the appropriate investigations and stratify the severity of the condition. 4. Develop and formulate a treatment plan for a patient with posterior tibialis tendon dysfunction. The posterior tibialis is a muscle in the deep posterior compartment of the calf that plays several key roles in the ankle and foot. Posterior tibialis tendon dysfunction is a complex but common and debilitating condition. Degenerative, inflammatory, functional, and traumatic etiologies have all been proposed. Despite being the leading cause of acquired flatfoot, it is often not recognized early enough. Knowledge of the anatomical considerations and etiology of posterior tibialis tendon dysfunction, as well as key concepts in its evaluation and management, will allow health care professionals to develop appropriate intervention strategies to prevent further development of flatfoot deformities.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Diagnostic Imaging
  • Flatfoot / diagnosis
  • Humans
  • Orthopedic Procedures / methods*
  • Physical Therapy Modalities*
  • Posterior Tibial Tendon Dysfunction / diagnosis*
  • Posterior Tibial Tendon Dysfunction / rehabilitation
  • Posterior Tibial Tendon Dysfunction / surgery
  • Posterior Tibial Tendon Dysfunction / therapy*