Twenty-two years of candidaemia surveillance: results from a Norwegian national study

Clin Microbiol Infect. 2015 Oct;21(10):938-45. doi: 10.1016/j.cmi.2015.06.008. Epub 2015 Jun 18.


Several studies have reported an increased incidence of candidaemia and a redistribution of species, with a decrease in the number of Candida albicans isolates. In Norway, a prospective, national surveillance study of candidaemia has been ongoing since 1991. Data from the period 1991-2003 have been published previously. The aim of this study was to follow up the incidence, species distribution and antifungal susceptibility of Candida species isolates from blood cultures in the period 2004-2012, and compare them with the corresponding findings from the period 1991-2003. Blood culture isolates of Candida species from all medical microbiological laboratories in Norway were identified and susceptibility tested at the Norwegian Mycological Reference Laboratory. A total of 1724 isolates were recovered from 1653 patients in the period 2004-2012. Comparison of the two periods showed that the average incidence of candidaemia episodes per 100 000 inhabitants increased from 2.4 (1991-2003) to 3.9 (2004-2012). The increase in incidence in the latter period was significantly higher in patients aged >40 years (p 0.001), and a marked increase was observed in patients aged >60 years (p < 0.001). In conclusion, the average incidence in Norway over a period of 22 years modestly increased from 2.4 to 3.9 per 100,000 inhabitants, this being mainly accounted for by candidaemia in the elderly. The species distribution was stable, and the rate of acquired resistance was low.

Keywords: Antifungal susceptibility; candidaemia; population-based incidence; species distribution; surveillance.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Antifungal Agents / pharmacology
  • Candida / classification*
  • Candida / drug effects
  • Candida / isolation & purification*
  • Candidemia / epidemiology*
  • Candidemia / microbiology*
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Drug Resistance, Fungal
  • Epidemiological Monitoring
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Male
  • Microbial Sensitivity Tests
  • Middle Aged
  • Norway / epidemiology
  • Prospective Studies
  • Young Adult


  • Antifungal Agents