Activation of G protein-coupled estrogen receptor 1 (GPER-1) decreases fluid intake in female rats

Horm Behav. 2015 Jul:73:39-46. doi: 10.1016/j.yhbeh.2015.05.016. Epub 2015 Jun 18.


Estradiol (E2) decreases fluid intake in the female rat and recent studies from our lab demonstrate that the effect is at least in part mediated by membrane-associated estrogen receptors. Because multiple estrogen receptor subtypes can localize to the cell membrane, it is unclear which receptor(s) is generating the anti-dipsogenic effect of E2. The G protein-coupled estrogen receptor 1 (GPER-1) is a particularly interesting possibility because it has been shown to regulate blood pressure; many drinking-regulatory systems play overlapping roles in the control of blood pressure. Accordingly, we tested the hypothesis that activation of GPER-1 is sufficient to decrease fluid intake in female rats. In support of this hypothesis we found that treatment with the selective GPER-1 agonist G1 reduced AngII-stimulated fluid intake in OVX rats. Given the close association between food and fluid intakes in rats, and previous reports suggesting GPER-1 plays a role in energy homeostasis, we tested the hypothesis that the effect of GPER-1 on fluid intake was caused by a more direct effect on food intake. We found, however, that G1-treatment did not influence short-term or overnight food intake in OVX rats. Together these results reveal a novel effect of GPER-1 in the control of drinking behavior and provide an example of the divergence in the controls of fluid and food intakes in female rats.

Keywords: Angiotensin II; Estradiol; Estrogen; Estrogen receptor; Food intake; GPR30.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Angiotensin II / pharmacology
  • Animals
  • Cyclopentanes / pharmacology*
  • Down-Regulation / drug effects
  • Drinking / drug effects*
  • Eating / drug effects
  • Energy Metabolism / drug effects
  • Estradiol / pharmacology
  • Female
  • Homeostasis / drug effects
  • Quinolines / pharmacology*
  • Rats
  • Rats, Long-Evans
  • Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled / agonists
  • Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled / physiology*


  • 1-(4-(6-bromobenzo(1,3)dioxol-5-yl)-3a,4,5,9b-tetrahydro-3H-cyclopenta(c)quinolin-8-yl)ethanone
  • Cyclopentanes
  • Gper1 protein, rat
  • Quinolines
  • Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled
  • Angiotensin II
  • Estradiol