Aims: To investigate the hypothesis that high serum levels of omentin, an adipokine with anti-inflammatory, insulin-sensitizing and cardioprotective properties, may be related to a lower risk of diabetic sensorimotor polyneuropathy.
Methods: The association between serum omentin level and polyneuropathy was estimated in people aged 61-82 years with Type 2 diabetes (47 with and 168 without polyneuropathy) from the population-based KORA F4 study. The presence of clinical diabetic sensorimotor polyneuropathy was defined as bilateral impairment of foot vibration perception and/or foot pressure sensation. Omentin levels were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.
Results: Serum omentin level was inversely associated with polyneuropathy after adjustment for age, sex, height, waist circumference, hypertension, total cholesterol, smoking, alcohol intake and physical activity [odds ratio 0.45 (95% CI 0.21-0.98); P = 0.043]. Although omentin was positively correlated with adiponectin (r = 0.55, P < 0.0001) and inversely with tumour necrosis factor-α (r = -0.30, P = 0.019), additional adjustment for adiponectin and tumour necrosis factor-α had little impact on the association.
Conclusions: Serum levels of omentin are reduced in people with Type 2 diabetes and diabetic sensorimotor polyneuropathy, independently of established risk factors of polyneuropathy. This association is only partially explained by biomarkers of subclinical inflammation.
© 2015 The Authors. Diabetic Medicine © 2015 Diabetes UK.