Mental health problems are rising more in Swedish adolescents than in other Nordic countries and the Netherlands

Acta Paediatr. 2015 Oct;104(10):997-1004. doi: 10.1111/apa.13075. Epub 2015 Jul 14.


Mental health problems increased in adolescents and young adults in Europe between 1950 and 1990, and the cause is largely unknown. Denmark, Finland, the Netherlands, Norway and Sweden form a relatively homogenous group of countries with favourable conditions for children. Our review examined the time trends for mental health problems in these countries between 1990 and 2010.

Conclusion: In general, there were only small changes in mental health problems in the countries studied. However, we did note a marked rising trend in mental health problems among adolescents in Sweden, which also has more issues with school achievement and unemployment rates.

Keywords: Adolescents; Mental health problems; School achievement; Time trends; Unemployment.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Educational Measurement
  • Health Behavior
  • Humans
  • Mental Disorders / epidemiology*
  • Poisoning / epidemiology
  • Suicide / statistics & numerical data
  • Sweden / epidemiology
  • Unemployment / statistics & numerical data
  • Young Adult