Overlapping neurobehavioral circuits in ADHD, obesity, and binge eating: evidence from neuroimaging research

CNS Spectr. 2015 Aug;20(4):401-11. doi: 10.1017/S1092852915000383.


Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and conditions involving excessive eating (eg, obesity, binge/loss of control eating) are increasingly prevalent within pediatric populations, and correlational and some longitudinal studies have suggested inter-relationships between these disorders. In addition, a number of common neural correlates are emerging across conditions, eg, functional abnormalities within circuits subserving reward processing and executive functioning. To explore this potential cross-condition overlap in neurobehavioral underpinnings, we selectively review relevant functional neuroimaging literature, specifically focusing on studies probing (i) reward processing, (ii) response inhibition, and (iii) emotional processing and regulation, and we outline 3 specific shared neurobehavioral circuits. Based on our review, we also identify gaps within the literature that would benefit from further research.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity / physiopathology*
  • Brain / growth & development
  • Brain / physiopathology*
  • Bulimia / physiopathology*
  • Child
  • Connectome*
  • Humans
  • Obesity / physiopathology*
  • Reward