A chyle leak can occur as a complication after neck or chest surgery. Such a leak prolongs the hospital stay and is sometimes life-threatening. The treatment options are conservative management, interventional radiologic embolization, and surgery. Thoracoscopic ligation of the thoracic duct has emerged as a promising and definitive treatment. The case of a 65-year-old Japanese male patient with a rare congenital right aortic arch (typeⅢB1 of Edward's classification) and a severe chyle leak that occurred after a total pharyngolaryngo-esophagectomy (TPLE) is described. The chyle leak was successfully managed by thoracoscopic ligation of the thoracic duct via a left-side approach with the patient in the prone position.