Body size and menopausal status in relation to the pattern of spread in recurrent breast cancer

Acta Oncol. 1989;28(6):795-9. doi: 10.3109/02841868909092310.


The prognosis and pattern of spread were related to body size and menopausal status in 863 patients with recurrent breast cancer. These patients were all enrolled in the adjuvant protocols of the Danish Breast Cancer Cooperative Group. The pattern of spread was illustrated by the number of metastases, the anatomical location of recurrence, and the rate of progression. Body size was estimated as height, weight, Quetelet index (QI), and body surface area (BSA). The body size was unassociated with both recurrence-free interval (RFI) and survival after recurrence (SAR). The groups of patients with different body size had both the same number and the same location of metastases. The tumour growth rates were estimated as clinical rates of progression (i.e. the time elapsed from a single distant metastasis until dissemination). The progression rate was unaffected by body size. Postmenopausal patients had a significantly shorter RFI and SAR compared to premenopausal patients. The number of metastatic sites, the anatomical location of metastases, and the rate of progression were similar in pre- and postmenopausal patients. The study could not confirm most findings from the literature which report a poor prognosis for patients with large body size. Moreover, the results do not suggest interactions between body size, menopausal status, and the clinical course of recurrent breast cancer.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Anthropometry
  • Body Constitution*
  • Breast Neoplasms / mortality
  • Breast Neoplasms / pathology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Menopause*
  • Neoplasm Metastasis / pathology
  • Neoplasm Staging
  • Survival Rate