Advances in Surgical Management of Intra-articular Calcaneus Fractures

J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2015 Jul;23(7):399-407. doi: 10.5435/JAAOS-D-14-00287.

Abstract

Intra-articular calcaneus fractures are commonly sustained after high-energy trauma, and a variety of techniques exists for anatomic reduction and surgical fixation. Traditional approaches using an extended L-shaped lateral incision with lateral plating for open reduction and internal fixation have relatively high complication rates. Common complications include hematoma formation, skin edge necrosis, wound breakdown, and superficial or deep infection. As a result, less invasive techniques have been developed in recent years, including limited-incision sinus tarsi open reduction and internal fixation, percutaneous fixation, and arthroscopic-assisted fixation. These techniques are associated with lower complication rates and equivalent clinical and radiographic outcomes in certain fracture patterns and patient populations.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Arthroscopy* / methods
  • Calcaneus / injuries
  • Calcaneus / surgery*
  • Fracture Fixation, Internal* / instrumentation
  • Fracture Fixation, Internal* / methods
  • Humans
  • Intra-Articular Fractures / surgery*
  • Operative Time
  • Treatment Outcome