Non-enzymatic oxygenated metabolites derived from polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) are formed in vivo through free radical reaction under oxidative stress conditions. It has been over twenty-five years since the discovery of cyclic oxygenated metabolites derived from arachidonic acid (20:4 n-6), the isoprostanes, and since then they have become biomarkers of choice for assessing in vivo OS in humans and animals. Chemical synthesis of n-3 PUFA isoprostanoids such as F3-Isoprostanes from eicosapentaenoic acid (20:5 n-3), and F4-Neuroprostanes from docosahexaenoic acid (22:6 n-6) unravelled novel and unexpected biological properties of such omega-3 non-enzymatic cyclic metabolites as highlighted in this review.
Keywords: Arrhythmia; Isoprostanes; Neuroprostanes; Omega-3 PUFA; Oxidative stress.
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