Designing the microturbine engine for waste-derived fuels

Waste Manag. 2016 Jan;47(Pt B):299-310. doi: 10.1016/j.wasman.2015.06.004. Epub 2015 Jun 23.


Presented paper deals with adaptation procedure of a microturbine (MGT) for exploitation of refuse derived fuels (RDF). RDF often possess significantly different properties than conventional fuels and usually require at least some adaptations of internal combustion systems to obtain full functionality. With the methodology, developed in the paper it is possible to evaluate the extent of required adaptations by performing a thorough analysis of fuel combustion properties in a dedicated experimental rig suitable for testing of wide-variety of waste and biomass derived fuels. In the first part key turbine components are analyzed followed by cause and effect analysis of interaction between different fuel properties and design parameters of the components. The data are then used to build a dedicated test system where two fuels with diametric physical and chemical properties are tested - liquefied biomass waste (LW) and waste tire pyrolysis oil (TPO). The analysis suggests that exploitation of LW requires higher complexity of target MGT system as stable combustion can be achieved only with regenerative thermodynamic cycle, high fuel preheat temperatures and optimized fuel injection nozzle. Contrary, TPO requires less complex MGT design and sufficient operational stability is achieved already with simple cycle MGT and conventional fuel system. The presented approach of testing can significantly reduce the extent and cost of required adaptations of commercial system as pre-selection procedure of suitable MGT is done in developed test system. The obtained data can at the same time serve as an input for fine-tuning the processes for RDF production.

Keywords: Internal combustion engine; Methodology; Microturbine; Thermodynamic cycle; Waste derived fuel.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Energy-Generating Resources
  • Refuse Disposal / methods*
  • Solid Waste / analysis*
  • Transportation / instrumentation*
  • Waste Products / analysis*


  • Solid Waste
  • Waste Products