Risk Factors for Measles in HIV-infected Children and Adolescents in Botswana

Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2015 Oct;34(10):1093-5. doi: 10.1097/INF.0000000000000816.


We conducted a matched case-control study of 566 HIV-infected children in Botswana during a 2009-2010 measles outbreak to identify the risk factors for measles. Children in the oldest age quartile (≥13.1 years) were 4-fold more likely to acquire measles than those in the youngest quartile (<7.1 years). HIV-infected older children and adolescents may benefit from additional measles vaccination.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Botswana / epidemiology
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Child
  • Female
  • HIV Infections / complications*
  • HIV Infections / epidemiology*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Measles / complications*
  • Measles / epidemiology*
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Risk Factors