Factors associated with the exposure of vaccines to adverse temperature conditions: the case of North West region, Cameroon

BMC Res Notes. 2015 Jun 30;8:277. doi: 10.1186/s13104-015-1257-y.

Abstract

Background: Adverse temperature recording in vaccine's cold chain is a major issue worldwide and this condition is known to compromise the quality of vaccines very rapidly. In Cameroon, with tropical climate, vaccines exposure to abnormal temperatures is very common. This study was conducted to identify factors associated to abnormal temperature recording in cold chain in the North West region.

Results: A total of 65 vaccinating health facilities were visited for the study from eight health districts. Concerning type of health facility, 48 (73.8%) of the health facilities were governmental facilities. About 50 (76.0%) of the facilities had a functional thermometer. Among the 50 health facilities with functional thermometer, abnormal temperatures were registered in 10 (20%) health facilities during data collection and 12 (24%) in the 2 months preceding collection. Factor significantly associated with abnormal temperature recording was the absence of an alternative power source (OR = 6.5, p = 0.03).

Conclusion: The absence of an alternative source of power was significantly associated with abnormal temperature exposure in the 2 months preceding data collection. To improve on the quality of vaccines administered in North West region, each vaccinating health facility must have at least two sources of power supply.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Cameroon
  • Drug Storage / standards
  • Drug Storage / statistics & numerical data*
  • Electric Power Supplies / standards
  • Electric Power Supplies / statistics & numerical data*
  • Health Facilities / standards
  • Health Facilities / statistics & numerical data*
  • Humans
  • Refrigeration / standards
  • Refrigeration / statistics & numerical data*
  • Temperature*
  • Tropical Climate
  • Vaccines*

Substances

  • Vaccines