Nutrition for Multiples

Clin Obstet Gynecol. 2015 Sep;58(3):585-610. doi: 10.1097/GRF.0000000000000117.


In 2012 there were 135,943 infants of multiple pregnancies born in the United States, nearly a 2-fold increase since 1980, with twins accounting for 96% of all multiple births. To date, most perinatal morbidities associated with multiple births have proven resistant to technological or pharmaceutical interventions. Maternal nutrition can have a profound effect on the course and outcome of multiple pregnancy, with the goal of achieving optimal intrauterine growth and birthweights, and minimizing prenatal and perinatal complications for the mother and her children.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Birth Weight*
  • Blood Glucose
  • Calcium, Dietary / therapeutic use
  • Diet Therapy / methods*
  • Dietary Proteins
  • Dietary Supplements
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Iron, Dietary
  • Magnesium / therapeutic use
  • Nutritional Status
  • Patient Education as Topic
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy, Multiple* / metabolism
  • Weight Gain
  • Zinc / therapeutic use


  • Blood Glucose
  • Calcium, Dietary
  • Dietary Proteins
  • Iron, Dietary
  • Magnesium
  • Zinc