Effects of Tai Chi and Multimodal Exercise Training on Movement and Balance Function in Mild to Moderate Idiopathic Parkinson Disease

Am J Phys Med Rehabil. 2015 Oct;94(10 Suppl 1):921-9. doi: 10.1097/PHM.0000000000000351.


Objective: The primary aim of this study was to investigate the effects of two different patterns of rehabilitation training on movement and balance function in patients with idiopathic Parkinson disease.

Design: Forty patients with Parkinson disease were randomized into the tai chi group (n = 20) or the multimodal exercise training group (n = 20). Outcome measures were assessed at baseline and after 12 wks of exercise. Balance was assessed using the Berg Balance Scale, and movement was assessed by the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale-Motor Examination, stride length, gait velocity, and Timed Up and Go Test.

Results: The multimodal exercise training group improved significantly in movement from baseline, and a reduction in balance impairment was observed for the multimodal exercise training group. The questionnaire results after training showed that the multimodal exercise training is easy to learn and adhere to. No major adverse events were noted in both groups.

Conclusions: This multimodal exercise training could improve motion function and benefit balance function in patients with Parkinson disease. The multimodal exercise training is easy to learn and practice.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Exercise Therapy / methods*
  • Female
  • Gait
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Movement*
  • Parkinson Disease / physiopathology*
  • Parkinson Disease / rehabilitation*
  • Postural Balance*
  • Tai Ji*
  • Treatment Outcome