Cutaneous and systemic mastocytosis in children: a risk factor for anaphylaxis?

Curr Allergy Asthma Rep. 2015 May;15(5):22. doi: 10.1007/s11882-015-0525-1.


Childhood mastocytosis is usually a clonal mast cell disease related to activating mutations in KIT. The symptoms in childhood mastocytosis are typically cutaneous in nature although systemic symptoms including anaphylaxis due to the release of mast cells (MC) mediators can also manifest. The prevalence of anaphylaxis reported in childhood mastocytosis is higher than the rates reported in the pediatric general population, but lower than the prevalence of anaphylaxis described in adult mastocytosis. An extensive cutaneous involvement was reported as a risk factor for anaphylaxis, and patients with diffuse cutaneous mastocytosis have been documented to have more severe anaphylaxis symptoms. Anaphylaxis due to unknown causes or idiopathic anaphylaxis was the primary etiology in pediatric mastocytosis, followed by foods as the most relevant identified trigger; however, hymenoptera stings are not a frequent trigger of anaphylaxis in children with mastocytosis in contrast to the adult patients.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Intramural
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Anaphylaxis / epidemiology
  • Anaphylaxis / etiology*
  • Animals
  • Child
  • Humans
  • Mastocytosis, Cutaneous / complications*
  • Mastocytosis, Systemic / complications*
  • Prevalence
  • Risk Factors