Background: Amyloid positron emission tomography (PET) has become an important tool to identify amyloid-β (Aβ) pathology in Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients. Here, we determined the diagnostic value of the amyloid PET tracer [(18)F]flutemetamol in relation to Aβ pathology at autopsy.
Methods: [(18)F]flutemetamol PET was carried out in a cohort of 68 patients included in a [(18)F]flutemetamol amyloid PET imaging end-of-life study (GE067-007). At autopsy, AD pathology was determined and Aβ plaque pathology was classified into phases of its regional distribution (0-5).
Results: [(18)F]flutemetamol PET was universally positive in cases with advanced stage postmortem Aβ pathology (Aβ phases 4 and 5). Negative amyloid PET was universally observed in nondemented or non-AD dementia cases with initial Aβ phases 1 and 2, whereas 33.3% of the phase 3 cases were positive.
Conclusions: [(18)F]flutemetamol amyloid PET detects primarily advanced stages of Aβ pathology in preclinical and symptomatic AD cases.
Keywords: Alzheimer's disease; Amyloid; Amyloid PET; Preclinical stage; [(18)F]flutemetamol.
Copyright © 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.