Deletion of WASp and N-WASp in B Cells Cripples the Germinal Center Response and Results in Production of IgM Autoantibodies

J Autoimmun. 2015 Aug;62:81-92. doi: 10.1016/j.jaut.2015.06.003. Epub 2015 Jul 2.

Abstract

Humoral immunodeficiency caused by mutations in the Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein (WASp) is associated with failure to respond to common pathogens and high frequency of autoimmunity. Here we addressed the question how deficiency in WASp and the homologous protein N-WASp skews the immune response towards autoreactivity. Mice devoid of WASp or both WASp and N-WASp in B cells formed germinal center to increased load of apoptotic cells as a source of autoantigens. However, the germinal centers showed abolished polarity and B cells retained longer and proliferated less in the germinal centers. While WASp-deficient mice had high titers of autoreactive IgG, B cells devoid of both WASp and N-WASp produced mainly IgM autoantibodies with broad reactivity to autoantigens. Moreover, B cells lacking both WASp and N-WASp induced somatic hypermutation at reduced frequency. Despite this, IgG1-expressing B cells devoid of WASp and N-WASp acquired a specific high affinity mutation, implying an increased BCR signaling threshold for selection in germinal centers. Our data provides evidence for that N-WASp expression alone drives WASp-deficient B cells towards autoimmunity.

Keywords: Autoimmunity; B cells; Germinal center; N-WASp; Primary immunodeficiency; Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antibodies, Antinuclear / blood
  • Antibodies, Antinuclear / immunology
  • Antibody Formation
  • Antigens, CD19 / genetics
  • Apoptosis / genetics
  • Apoptosis / immunology
  • Autoantibodies / blood
  • Autoantibodies / immunology*
  • Autoantigens / immunology
  • B-Lymphocytes / cytology
  • B-Lymphocytes / immunology*
  • B-Lymphocytes / metabolism*
  • Bone Marrow Transplantation
  • Cell Differentiation
  • Gene Deletion*
  • Germinal Center / immunology*
  • Germinal Center / metabolism*
  • Haptens
  • Hemocyanins / immunology
  • Immunoglobulin M / blood
  • Immunoglobulin M / immunology*
  • Lymphocyte Activation / genetics
  • Lymphocyte Activation / immunology
  • Mice
  • Mice, Knockout
  • Mice, Transgenic
  • T-Lymphocyte Subsets / immunology
  • T-Lymphocyte Subsets / metabolism
  • Transplantation Chimera
  • Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome Protein / genetics*

Substances

  • 4-hydroxy-3-nitrophenylacetyl-keyhole limpet hemocyanin
  • Antibodies, Antinuclear
  • Antigens, CD19
  • Autoantibodies
  • Autoantigens
  • Haptens
  • Immunoglobulin M
  • Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome Protein
  • Hemocyanins