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Review
. 2015 Jun 23;9:3239-45.
doi: 10.2147/DDDT.S83288. eCollection 2015.

Sphingosine Kinase 1 as an Anticancer Therapeutic Target

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Free PMC article
Review

Sphingosine Kinase 1 as an Anticancer Therapeutic Target

Ying Gao et al. Drug Des Devel Ther. .
Free PMC article

Abstract

The development of chemotherapeutic resistance is a major challenge in oncology. Elevated sphingosine kinase 1 (SK1) levels is predictive of a poor prognosis, and SK1 overexpression may confer resistance to chemotherapeutics. The SK/sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P)/sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor (S1PR) signaling pathway has been implicated in the progression of various cancers and in chemotherapeutic drug resistance. Therefore, SK1 may represent an important target for cancer therapy. Targeting the SK/S1P/S1PR signaling pathway may be an effective anticancer therapeutic strategy, particularly in the context of overcoming drug resistance. This review summarizes our current understanding of the role of SK/S1P/S1PR signaling in cancer and development of SK1 inhibitors.

Keywords: S1P; S1PR; cancer; inhibitors; sphingosine kinase 1; therapy.

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