Technology Delivered Self-Monitoring Application to Promote Successful Inclusion of an Elementary Student With Autism

Assist Technol. Spring 2016;28(1):9-16. doi: 10.1080/10400435.2015.1059384.

Abstract

The ever-increasing prevalence of children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is paralleled in public educational settings, including general education classrooms. Challenges with social/behavioral functioning, including limited self-management and behavior inhibition, can lead to off-task and disruptive behaviors that interfere with acquisition of academic and social skills. Without effective and efficient interventions, opportunities to participate in inclusive settings will likely be reduced. Self-monitoring (SM) is an intervention with strong evidence for increasing prosocial behaviors and decreasing challenging behaviors for students with ASD in educational settings, although the cuing mechanisms (e.g., timers, stopwatch) and tracking materials (e.g., paper, pencil) can be cumbersome and obtrusive. I-Connect is an SM application that allows for customizable prompts, recording, and data monitoring. The purpose of this study was to evaluate, utilizing an ABAB design, the functional relationship between implementation of I-Connect SM intervention and increases in on-task behavior with concurrent decreases in disruptive behavior for an elementary student with ASD in a general education classroom. Results indicate an immediate increase in on-task behavior as well as a decrease in disruptive behaviors with each introduction of I-Connect. Implications for practice and future research are discussed.

Keywords: autism spectrum disorder; classroom; self-monitoring intervention.

MeSH terms

  • Autism Spectrum Disorder / rehabilitation*
  • Child
  • Computers, Handheld*
  • Education / methods
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mobile Applications*
  • Schools*
  • Students