Aim: Recognising changes in lung compliance can help clinicians to adjust initial inflations during resuscitation at birth. We examined whether physicians sensed low and normal compliance with a self-inflating bag before and after an educational intervention that used a manikin connected to a newborn lung simulator.
Methods: We asked 43 physicians with neonatal duties to perform two low compliance ventilation attempts and two normal-compliance ventilation attempts in a randomised order at baseline and after the educational intervention, with 34 taking part in a retest three months later.
Results: The physicians correctly recognised low and normal compliance in 71% and 66% of the ventilations at baseline, 80% and 66% of the ventilations after the intervention and 74% and 81% at retest. Correct recognition of normal compliance improved from baseline to retest (p = 0.04). Ventilations in low- vs normal-compliance settings resulted in lower tidal volumes (4.4 vs 23.0 mL, p < 0.001), lower ventilation rates (42 vs 51, p < 0.001) and higher peak inflating pressure (35.2 vs 31.4 cmH2 O, p < 0.001).
Conclusion: Around one in four physicians failed to recognise correct compliance levels when using a self-inflating bag and showed limited improvement after an educational intervention. Ventilations in a low-compliance setting resulted in suboptimal ventilation.
Keywords: Compliance; Lung; Manikin; Newborn; Self-inflating bag.
©2015 Foundation Acta Paediatrica. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.