Identification of a new marine algal species Pyropia nitida sp. nov. (Bangiales: Rhodophyta) from Monterey, California

Mitochondrial DNA A DNA Mapp Seq Anal. 2016 Jul;27(4):3058-62. doi: 10.3109/19401736.2015.1063137. Epub 2015 Jul 8.


An unidentified marine red algal species classified in Pyropia J. Agardh was discovered from Monterey, CA. Morphological, barcode, and complete mitochondrial genome analysis of the alga support its recognition as a new species, Pyropia nitida sp. nov. The species is a high-intertidal, winter annual that is lanceolate in shape, monostromatic, and dioecious. Based on CO1 sequences, P. nitida is closely allied with the P. nereocystis clade. The mitogenome of P. nitida is 35 313 bp in length and contains 53 genes, including two ribosomal RNAs, 24 transfer RNAs, four ribosomal proteins, two ymfs, four ORFs, and 17 genes involved in electron transport and oxidative phosphorylation. The results support the recognition of P. nitida as distinct from the morphologically similar P. lanceolata.

Keywords: Bangiaceae; mitogenome; mtDNA; phylogenetic; red algae.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • California
  • Genes, Mitochondrial
  • Genome, Mitochondrial
  • Open Reading Frames
  • Phylogeny
  • Rhodophyta / classification*
  • Rhodophyta / cytology*
  • Rhodophyta / genetics*
  • Sequence Analysis, DNA
  • Whole Genome Sequencing