Controversies in faith and health care

Lancet. 2015 Oct 31;386(10005):1776-85. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(15)60252-5. Epub 2015 Jul 6.


Differences in religious faith-based viewpoints (controversies) on the sanctity of human life, acceptable behaviour, health-care technologies and health-care services contribute to the widespread variations in health care worldwide. Faith-linked controversies include family planning, child protection (especially child marriage, female genital mutilation, and immunisation), stigma and harm reduction, violence against women, sexual and reproductive health and HIV, gender, end-of-life issues, and faith activities including prayer. Buddhism, Christianity, Hinduism, Islam, Judaism, and traditional beliefs have similarities and differences in their viewpoints. Improved understanding by health-care providers of the heterogeneity of viewpoints, both within and between faiths, and their effect on health care is important for clinical medicine, public-health programmes, and health-care policy. Increased appreciation in faith leaders of the effect of their teachings on health care is also crucial. This Series paper outlines some faith-related controversies, describes how they influence health-care provision and uptake, and identifies opportunities for research and increased interaction between faith leaders and health-care providers to improve health care.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Abortion, Legal / ethics
  • Adolescent
  • Circumcision, Female / ethics
  • Delivery of Health Care / ethics
  • Delivery of Health Care / methods*
  • Delivery of Health Care / organization & administration
  • Family Planning Services / ethics
  • Family Planning Services / methods
  • Family Planning Services / organization & administration
  • Female
  • HIV Infections / prevention & control
  • Humans
  • Immunization / ethics
  • Male
  • Marriage
  • Religion
  • Religion and Medicine*
  • Reproductive Techniques / ethics
  • Sex Offenses / ethics
  • Terminal Care / ethics