Shadow photogrammetric apparatus for the quantitative evaluation of corneal buttons

Ophthalmic Surg. 1989 Nov;20(11):794-9.


We have developed a technique for the accurate, quantitative, geometric evaluation of trephined and punched corneal buttons. A magnified shadow of the frontal and edge views of a corneal button mounted on the rotary stage of a modified optical comparator is projected onto the screen of the comparator and photographed. This process takes approximately three minutes. The diameters and edge profile at any meridian photographed can subsequently be analyzed from the film. The precision in measuring the diameters of well cut corneal buttons is +/- 23 microns, and in measuring the angle of the edge profile is +/- 1 degree. Statistical analysis of inter observer variability indicated excellent reproducibility of measurements. Shadow photogrammetry offers a standardized, accurate, and reproducible method for analysis of corneal trephination.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Calibration
  • Cornea / anatomy & histology*
  • Equipment Design
  • Humans
  • Keratoplasty, Penetrating
  • Photogrammetry / instrumentation*
  • Photography
  • Reproducibility of Results