Outcome in body-contouring surgery after massive weight loss: A prospective matched single-blind study

J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg. 2015 Oct;68(10):1410-6. doi: 10.1016/j.bjps.2015.05.035. Epub 2015 Jun 17.

Abstract

Introduction: Body-contouring (BC) procedures after massive weight loss (MWL) are extensive and numerous. Currently, inconsistent data exist regarding quality-of-life (QoL) scales, and long-term analysis is lacking. The aim of this study was to investigate the long-term outcome of patients who elect to have BC procedures after MWL.

Methods: Post-bariatric patients and patients who had dietary weight loss with no history of bariatric surgery (BS) (BC group) were included. Patients after BS with similar demographic characteristics but no BC procedures served as the control group (BS group). The results were compared with severely obese patients who have not yet undergone BS or BC surgery (obese group). Outcome measures include the type of BC surgery with the rates of the associated procedures and outcome satisfaction evaluated after the Moorehead-Ardelt questionnaire (range -3.0 to +3.0).

Results: Fifty-six female and 10 male Caucasian patients with a mean age of 50 years (14 years) who underwent BC procedures between February 1999 and October 2009 were included. Of those, 23 patients completed the survey in 2014 (20 female and three male patients, mean age of 53 years (14 years)) at a final follow-up of 8 years (3 years). Two years (range 1-3 years) after MWL, a total of 51 BC procedures were performed. The most frequent interventions were abdominoplasty (n = 20), followed by rectus plication and liposuction (n = 7 and n = 6, respectively). QoL scores revealed a high overall patient satisfaction in the BC group, which was comparable with the BS group (n = 23). The obese group (n = 17) had a significantly lower overall QoL and lower health-related QoL (HRQoL) subdomains compared with the BC and BS group.

Conclusion: BC procedures lead to high and durable patient satisfaction. However, the appropriate management of expectations before surgery is mandatory.

Keywords: Bariatric surgery; Body contouring; Major weight loss; Quality of life.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Bariatric Surgery / adverse effects*
  • Body Image*
  • Body Mass Index
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Lipectomy / methods*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Obesity, Morbid / surgery*
  • Patient Satisfaction*
  • Postoperative Complications
  • Prospective Studies
  • Quality of Life
  • Reconstructive Surgical Procedures / methods*
  • Reoperation
  • Single-Blind Method
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Weight Loss