Headaches after Concussion in Pediatrics: a Review

Curr Pain Headache Rep. 2015 Sep;19(9):42. doi: 10.1007/s11916-015-0516-x.

Abstract

Concussion and mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) are common pediatric injuries. Headaches are one of the most common and disabling complaints following concussion in the acute phase and are pervasive in those who have prolonged symptoms following concussion. The body of evidence regarding the epidemiology of and risk factors for pediatric concussion and post-traumatic headache is growing rapidly, but there still is a distinct lack of strong scientific evidence to support the best treatment strategies for post-traumatic headaches in either children or adults. In this article, we will review the current evidence regarding the epidemiology of acute and chronic headaches following concussion in the pediatric population, as well as current recommendations for the management of acute and chronic pediatric post-traumatic headaches.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Age Factors
  • Analgesics / therapeutic use*
  • Brain Concussion / complications*
  • Brain Concussion / drug therapy
  • Brain Concussion / physiopathology
  • Child
  • Comorbidity
  • Humans
  • Intracranial Hemorrhages / epidemiology
  • Intracranial Hemorrhages / etiology
  • Intracranial Hemorrhages / prevention & control*
  • Medical History Taking
  • Post-Traumatic Headache / drug therapy*
  • Post-Traumatic Headache / epidemiology
  • Post-Traumatic Headache / physiopathology
  • Practice Guidelines as Topic
  • Risk Factors
  • Sex Factors
  • Treatment Outcome
  • United States / epidemiology

Substances

  • Analgesics