De Novo intracerebral aneurysm in a child with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome

Neurosciences (Riyadh). 2015 Jul;20(3):285-91. doi: 10.17712/nsj.2015.3.20150064.


Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection associated aneurysmal vasculopathy is a rare complication of HIV infection affecting the pediatric and adult population. We present a case of a 7-year-old male child known to have a congenitally acquired HIV infection presenting with a ruptured left distal internal carotid artery fusiform aneurysm that was diagnosed on MRI scans 6 months prior to his presentation. He underwent craniotomy and successful aneurysm reconstruction. He had uncomplicated postoperative course and experienced a good recovery. This case is among the few reported pediatric cases of HIV-associated cerebral arteriopathy to undergo surgery. We also reviewed the relevant literature of this rare condition.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • AIDS Arteritis, Central Nervous System / diagnosis*
  • AIDS Arteritis, Central Nervous System / diagnostic imaging
  • AIDS Arteritis, Central Nervous System / surgery
  • Child
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Radionuclide Imaging