Heterogeneity of Systemic Oxidative Stress Profiles in COPD: A Potential Role of Gender

Oxid Med Cell Longev. 2015;2015:201843. doi: 10.1155/2015/201843. Epub 2015 Jun 17.


Oxidative stress (OS) plays a key role in the muscle impairment and exercise capacity of COPD patients. However, the literature reveals that systemic OS markers show great heterogeneity, which may hinder the prescription of effective antioxidant supplementation. This study therefore aimed to identify OS markers imbalance of COPD patients, relative to validated normal reference values, and to investigate the possibility of systemic OS profiles. We measured systemic enzymatic/nonenzymatic antioxidant and lipid peroxidation (LP) levels in 54 stable COPD patients referred for a rehabilitation program. The main systemic antioxidant deficits in these patients concerned vitamins and trace elements. Fully 89% of the COPD patients showed a systemic antioxidant imbalance which may have caused the elevated systemic LP levels in 69% of them. Interestingly, two patient profiles (clusters 3 and 4) had a more elevated increase in LP combined with increased copper and/or decreased vitamin C, GSH, and GPx. Further analysis revealed that the systemic LP level was higher in COPD women and associated with exercise capacity. Our present data therefore support future supplementations with antioxidant vitamins and trace elements to improve exercise capacity, but COPD patients will probably show different positive responses.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Ascorbic Acid / blood
  • Biomarkers / blood
  • Copper / blood
  • Exercise
  • Female
  • Glutathione / blood
  • Glutathione Peroxidase / blood
  • Humans
  • Lipid Peroxidation
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Oxidative Stress*
  • Principal Component Analysis
  • Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive / metabolism
  • Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive / pathology*
  • Sex Factors


  • Biomarkers
  • Copper
  • Glutathione Peroxidase
  • Glutathione
  • Ascorbic Acid