And then there were 12--distinguishing Van Leeuwenhoek microscopes from old or new copies

FEMS Microbiol Lett. 2015 Jul;362(14):fnv113. doi: 10.1093/femsle/fnv113. Epub 2015 Jul 12.


In the wake of announcements of the authentications of two previously unknown Van Leeuwenhoek microscopes in one month, this paper reviews the possibilities and potential pitfalls that might be involved in distinguishing 17th/18th century single-lensed microscopes from historical and modern copies. It is clear that a combination of characteristics must be considered, no single parameter will do.

Keywords: Van Leeuwenhoek; authentication; single lens microscopes.

Publication types

  • Historical Article

MeSH terms

  • History, 17th Century
  • History, 18th Century
  • Microscopy / history*
  • Microscopy / instrumentation*