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. Jul-Dec 2015;8(2):144-7.
doi: 10.4103/0973-6131.154075.

Effectiveness of Yogic Breathing Intervention on Quality of Life of Opioid Dependent Users

Free PMC article

Effectiveness of Yogic Breathing Intervention on Quality of Life of Opioid Dependent Users

Anju Dhawan et al. Int J Yoga. .
Free PMC article


Introduction: The quality of life (QOL) of substance users is known to be impaired. Sudarshan Kriya Yoga (SKY), a yogic breathing program has potential to improve QOL and needs evaluation in an Indian setting.

Aims: Study aimed to assess changes in QOL in treatment seeking male opioid dependent users following practice of SKY program.

Settings and design: Users were randomized into study (n = 55) and control group (n = 29). Study group besides standard treatment (long term pharmacotherapy with buprenorphine in flexible dosing schedule) underwent a 3 days, 12 h SKY program while control group received standard treatment alone.

Materials and methods: World Health Organization QOL-brief scale was used to measure QOL and urine tested to assess recent drug use. Assessments were made at baseline and at 3 and 6 months.

Statistical analysis: Data were analyzed using generalized estimation equation to assess within group change with time and the overall difference between groups for changes at assessment points.

Results: Overtime within study group, all four QOL domain scores were significantly higher at 6 months. Between group comparison showed significant increase in physical (P < 0.05); psychological (P < 0.001) and environment domains (P < 0.001) for study group while control group showed significant changes in social relationship domain only. Urine screening results were negative for study group indicating no drug use at 6 months.

Conclusion: SKY as a complementary therapy was found beneficial in improving QOL for group practicing it and is recommended for use as low cost and low-risk adjunct in substance treatment settings in India.

Keywords: Effectiveness; India; Sudarshan Kriya Yoga; quality of life; substance use.

Conflict of interest statement

Conflict of Interest: None declared.

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