Body Composition, Lipid Profile, Adipokine Concentration, and Antioxidant Capacity Changes during Interventions to Treat Overweight with Exercise Programme and Whole-Body Cryostimulation

Oxid Med Cell Longev. 2015;2015:803197. doi: 10.1155/2015/803197. Epub 2015 Jun 15.

Abstract

The aim of this study was to determine the effect of six-month-long physical exercise programme with a two-time exposure to whole-body cryostimulation (WBC) in 20 sessions on antioxidant enzyme activities, lipid profile, and body composition changes in obese people (30 adult subjects; BMI = 30.39 ± 4.31 kg/m(2)). Blood samples were taken before the programme, one month following the exercise programme, before and after the first WBC treatment, six months following the exercise programme, after the second WBC treatment, and finally one month after the intervention. Six months of moderate aerobic activity combined with WBC did not change body mass or fat and lean body mass percentages, or circulating adiponectin, leptin, and resistin concentrations. In response to intervention a significant decrease in the level of low-density lipoprotein and triglycerides was observed, with a slight increase in high-density lipoprotein concentration. The nature of changes in the activity of respective antioxidant enzymes was not identical. After one month of increased physical activity, a significant decrease in superoxide dismutase, catalase, and glutathione reductase activities was observed (13%, 8%, and 70%, resp.). The SOD activity increased significantly after successive whole-body cryostimulation sessions. As regards catalase, a significant progressive decrease in its activity was observed.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adipokines / analysis*
  • Adiponectin / blood
  • Adult
  • Body Composition
  • Body Mass Index
  • Catalase / metabolism
  • Cryotherapy*
  • Dinoprost / analogs & derivatives
  • Dinoprost / blood
  • Exercise Therapy*
  • Glutathione / metabolism
  • Glutathione Peroxidase / metabolism
  • Glutathione Reductase / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Leptin / blood
  • Lipids / blood*
  • Lipoproteins, HDL / blood
  • Lipoproteins, LDL / blood
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Obesity / blood
  • Obesity / pathology
  • Obesity / therapy*
  • Overweight
  • Resistin / blood
  • Superoxide Dismutase / metabolism
  • Triglycerides / blood

Substances

  • Adipokines
  • Adiponectin
  • Leptin
  • Lipids
  • Lipoproteins, HDL
  • Lipoproteins, LDL
  • Resistin
  • Triglycerides
  • 8-epi-prostaglandin F2alpha
  • Dinoprost
  • Catalase
  • Glutathione Peroxidase
  • Superoxide Dismutase
  • Glutathione Reductase
  • Glutathione