Hematopoietic plakophilin-3 regulates acute tissue-specific and systemic inflammation in mice

Eur J Immunol. 2015 Oct;45(10):2898-910. doi: 10.1002/eji.201445440. Epub 2015 Aug 6.


Plakophilin-3 (PKP3) is a member of the armadillo protein family, which is important in cell-cell contacts and signaling during development and tumorigenesis. In conventional facilities, PKP3-deficient mice (PKP3(-/-)) develop spontaneous dermatitis, indicating a possible involvement of PKP3 in inflammatory responses. Here, we show that PKP3 deficiency sensitizes mice to irritant contact dermatitis induced by phorbol myristate acetate (PMA). This sensitization occurred in mice with PKP3 deficiency in the hematopoietic system (PKP3(-/-hem)), but not if the deficiency was specific to skin keratinocytes (PKP3(-/-ker)). In a model of dextran sulfate sodium induced colitis, ubiquitous PKP3 deletion, but not intestinal epithelial PKP3 deficiency (PKP3(-/-IEC)), impaired survival from disease. Interestingly, PKP3(-/-hem) mice also displayed increased sensitivity to dextran sulfate sodium induced colitis. Finally, PKP3(-/-) mice were more sensitive to the lethality of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) injection than wild-type (WT) mice, and this phenotype was associated with increased intestinal permeability. PKP3(-/-IEC) mice did not reproduce the enhanced endotoxin reactivity of PKP3(-/-) mice, in contrast to PKP3(-/-hem) mice. Finally, in vitro stimulation of WT neutrophils with LPS or PMA increased Pkp3 expression. In conclusion, our data highlight a novel role for hematopoietic PKP3 in the regulation of both locally and systemically induced immune responses. Nonetheless, further research is needed to unravel the underlying mechanism.

Keywords: Acute inflammation; Colitis; Dermatitis; Hematopoietic cell; Intestine; Plakophilin-3; Sepsis; Skin.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Colitis / chemically induced
  • Colitis / immunology*
  • Dermatitis, Contact / genetics
  • Dermatitis, Contact / immunology*
  • Dermatitis, Contact / pathology
  • Dextran Sulfate / toxicity
  • Gene Expression Regulation / drug effects
  • Gene Expression Regulation / immunology*
  • Inflammation / chemically induced
  • Inflammation / genetics
  • Inflammation / immunology
  • Inflammation / pathology
  • Lipopolysaccharides / toxicity
  • Mice
  • Mice, Knockout
  • Neutrophils / immunology*
  • Neutrophils / pathology
  • Plakophilins / genetics
  • Plakophilins / immunology*
  • Tetradecanoylphorbol Acetate / toxicity


  • Lipopolysaccharides
  • Pkp3 protein, mouse
  • Plakophilins
  • Dextran Sulfate
  • Tetradecanoylphorbol Acetate