Bilateral patellar tendon-bearing Symes-type prostheses in a severe case of Freeman-Sheldon syndrome in a 21-year-old woman presenting with uncorrectable equinovarus

BMJ Case Rep. 2015 Jul 15;2015:bcr2015211338. doi: 10.1136/bcr-2015-211338.

Abstract

Described is the use of bilateral patellar tendon-bearing Symes-type prostheses in a severe case of Freeman-Sheldon syndrome (FSS) in a 21-year-old woman presenting with uncorrectable equinovarus and multiple surgical sequela of the lower extremities. FSS is considered a type of myopathic distal arthrogryposis; diagnosis requires the following: microstomia, whistling-face appearance, H-shaped chin dimpling, nasolabial folds, and multiple contractures of the hands and feet. Spinal deformities, metabolic and gastroenterological problems, other dysmorphic craniofacial characteristics, and visual and auditory impairments, are frequent findings. We highlight what we believe to be a unique approach to enhancing the patient's ability to ambulate and engage in physical activity, particularly critical determinates of wellness and long-term functional outcome in FSS, when the feet are non-correctable but not amputated. Important implications exist for physiatrists, other rehabilitation providers and surgeons regarding this likely under-diagnosed syndrome.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Abnormalities, Multiple*
  • Adult
  • Arthrogryposis / etiology
  • Artificial Limbs*
  • Clubfoot* / etiology
  • Contracture
  • Craniofacial Dysostosis / complications*
  • Craniofacial Dysostosis / pathology
  • Female
  • Foot
  • Humans
  • Patella
  • Patellar Ligament*
  • Prostheses and Implants*
  • Syndrome
  • Walking*
  • Young Adult

Supplementary concepts

  • Freeman-Sheldon syndrome