Orbital Causes of Incomitant Strabismus

Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol. 2015 Jul-Sep;22(3):286-91. doi: 10.4103/0974-9233.159714.


Strabismus may result from abnormal innervation, structure, or function of the extraocular muscles. Abnormalities of the orbital bones or masses within the orbit may also cause strabismus due to indirect effects on the extraocular muscles. This paper reviews some disorders of the orbit that are associated with strabismus, including craniofacial malformations, orbital masses, trauma, and anomalous orbital structures.

Keywords: Extraocular muscles; Orbit; Strabismus.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Craniofacial Abnormalities / complications*
  • Craniofacial Abnormalities / diagnosis
  • Eye Injuries / complications*
  • Eye Injuries / diagnosis
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Oculomotor Muscles / innervation
  • Oculomotor Muscles / physiopathology
  • Oculomotor Nerve Diseases / complications
  • Orbit / injuries*
  • Orbital Diseases / complications*
  • Orbital Diseases / diagnosis
  • Strabismus / etiology*
  • Strabismus / physiopathology
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed