Annona Muricata (Annonaceae): A Review of Its Traditional Uses, Isolated Acetogenins and Biological Activities

Int J Mol Sci. 2015 Jul 10;16(7):15625-58. doi: 10.3390/ijms160715625.

Abstract

Annona muricata is a member of the Annonaceae family and is a fruit tree with a long history of traditional use. A. muricata, also known as soursop, graviola and guanabana, is an evergreen plant that is mostly distributed in tropical and subtropical regions of the world. The fruits of A. muricata are extensively used to prepare syrups, candies, beverages, ice creams and shakes. A wide array of ethnomedicinal activities is contributed to different parts of A. muricata, and indigenous communities in Africa and South America extensively use this plant in their folk medicine. Numerous investigations have substantiated these activities, including anticancer, anticonvulsant, anti-arthritic, antiparasitic, antimalarial, hepatoprotective and antidiabetic activities. Phytochemical studies reveal that annonaceous acetogenins are the major constituents of A. muricata. More than 100 annonaceous acetogenins have been isolated from leaves, barks, seeds, roots and fruits of A. muricata. In view of the immense studies on A. muricata, this review strives to unite available information regarding its phytochemistry, traditional uses and biological activities.

Keywords: Annona muricata; acetogenins; annonaceae; bioactive compounds; biological activity; fruit tree; natural products.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Acetogenins / chemistry*
  • Acetogenins / isolation & purification
  • Acetogenins / pharmacology
  • Annona / chemistry*
  • Annona / metabolism
  • Anti-Infective Agents / chemistry
  • Anti-Infective Agents / isolation & purification
  • Anti-Infective Agents / pharmacology
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents / chemistry
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents / isolation & purification
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents / pharmacology
  • Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic / chemistry
  • Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic / isolation & purification
  • Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic / toxicity
  • Antioxidants / chemistry
  • Antioxidants / isolation & purification
  • Antioxidants / pharmacology
  • Apoptosis / drug effects
  • Central Nervous System / drug effects
  • Central Nervous System Agents / chemistry
  • Central Nervous System Agents / isolation & purification
  • Central Nervous System Agents / pharmacology
  • Hypoglycemic Agents / chemistry
  • Hypoglycemic Agents / isolation & purification
  • Hypoglycemic Agents / pharmacology
  • Oils, Volatile / chemistry
  • Oils, Volatile / isolation & purification
  • Oils, Volatile / pharmacology

Substances

  • Acetogenins
  • Anti-Infective Agents
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents
  • Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
  • Antioxidants
  • Central Nervous System Agents
  • Hypoglycemic Agents
  • Oils, Volatile