Poly-(ADP-ribose) polymerases (PARPs), a super family of enzymes, play important roles in preserving genomic integrity, regulating transcriptions, protecting telomeres and determining cell fate. PARP overactivation leads to metabolic disorder and cell injury via depletion of energy substance. However, it is still unclear whether PARP overactivation happens during acute kidney injury (AKI) caused by endotoxic shock (ES). Here, we built a canine model of lipopolysaccharide-induced ES to explore the role of PARP during the development AKI. We also used an intravenous injection of 3-aminobenzamide (3-AB) to further explore whether PARP inhibition rescues the kidney from injury. Cell fate and energy metabolism were detected to explore the underlying mechanisms. As a result, Western blot and immunohistochemistry assays showed PARP overactivation in the very early phase of ES. Through PARP inhibition by 3-AB, we observed significant improvement of systemic hemodynamics, renal hemodynamics, renal oxygen metabolism and renal tubular cell apoptosis. These findings indicated that overactivation of PARP plays an important role in septic AKI. Inhibition of PARP overactivation may protect renal function against hemodynamic disorder, renal metabolism disturbance and renal cell apoptosis during endotoxic AKI.
© 2015 S. Karger AG, Basel.