Aims: Fructose administration induces hepatic oxidative stress, insulin resistance, inflammatory and metabolic changes. We tested their potential pathogenic relationship and whether these alterations can be prevented by R/S-α-lipoic acid.
Main methods: Wistar rats received during 21days a commercial diet or the same diet supplemented with 10% fructose in drinking water without/with R/S-α-lipoic acid injection. After this period, we measured a) serum glucose, triglyceride, insulin, homeostasis model assessment-insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), insulin glucose ratio (IGR) and Matsuda indexes and b) liver oxidative stress, inflammatory markers and insulin signaling pathway components.
Key findings: Fructose fed rats had hyperinsulinemia, hypertriglyceridemia, higher HOMA-IR, IGR and lower Matsuda indices compared to control animals, together with increased oxidative stress markers, TNFα, IL1β and PAI-1 gene expression, and TNFα and COX-2 protein content. Whereas insulin receptor level was higher in fructose fed rats, their tyrosine-residue phosphorylation was lower. IRS1/IRS2 protein levels and IRS1 tyrosine-phosphorylation rate were lower in fructose fed rats. All changes were prevented by R/S-α-lipoic acid co-administration.
Significance: Fructose-induced hepatic oxidative stress, insulin resistance and inflammation form a triad that constitutes a vicious pathogenic circle. This circle can be effectively disrupted by R/S-α-lipoic acid co-administration, thus suggesting mutual positive interaction among the triad components.
Keywords: Fructose-rich diet; Inflammation; Oxidative-stress; Prediabetes; R/S-α-lipoic acid.
Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.