Neurogliaform cells in cortical circuits

Nat Rev Neurosci. 2015 Aug;16(8):458-68. doi: 10.1038/nrn3969.


Recent research into local-circuit GABAergic inhibitory interneurons of the mammalian central nervous system has provided unprecedented insight into the mechanics of neuronal circuitry and its dysfunction. Inhibitory interneurons consist of a broad array of anatomically and neurochemically diverse cell types, and this suggests that each occupies an equally diverse functional role. Although neurogliaform cells were observed by Cajal over a century ago, our understanding of the functional role of this class of interneurons is in its infancy. However, it is rapidly becoming clear that this cell type operates under a distinct repertoire of rules to provide novel forms of inhibitory control of numerous afferent pathways.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Afferent Pathways / cytology*
  • Afferent Pathways / physiology*
  • Animals
  • Cerebral Cortex / cytology*
  • Cerebral Cortex / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Interneurons / cytology*
  • Interneurons / physiology*