Prevalence of Campylobacter jejuni in selected domestic and wild birds in Louisiana

Avian Dis. Oct-Dec 1989;33(4):664-7.


Prevalence of Campylobacter jejuni was determined in a selected population of domestic and free-living birds submitted for necropsy to the Louisiana State Veterinary Medical Diagnostic Laboratory. The 445 cases examined included 13 orders of birds and yielded C. jejuni in 45 cases, representing an isolation rate of 10.1%. Prevalence was highest in Galliformes (25.2%), followed by Anseriformes (12.9%) and Columbiformes (8.3%). Only one isolation was made out of 179 Psittaciformes examined. Penner serotypes 1, 2, 4, and 16 were most commonly identified among the C. jejuni isolates. This study emphasizes the importance of Galliformes as reservoirs of C. jejuni. The commonality of these serotypes with isolates derived from humans suggests the zoonotic potential of Galliformes in relation to human campylobacteriosis. The isolation rate of 12.9% in Anseriformes implicates free-living and migratory waterfowl as carriers of C. jejuni. Results confirm that Psittaciformes represent a low risk of C. jejuni infection in humans.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Animals, Domestic
  • Animals, Wild
  • Birds / microbiology*
  • Campylobacter fetus / isolation & purification*
  • Louisiana
  • Psittaciformes / microbiology
  • Serotyping
  • Species Specificity