The role of the Carer Support Needs Assessment Tool in palliative home care: A qualitative study of practitioners' perspectives of its impact and mechanisms of action

Palliat Med. 2016 Apr;30(4):392-400. doi: 10.1177/0269216315596662. Epub 2015 Jul 21.

Abstract

Background: The importance of supporting family carers is well recognised in healthcare policy. The Carer Support Needs Assessment Tool is an evidence-based, comprehensive measure of carer support needs to facilitate carer support in palliative home care.

Aim: To examine practitioner perspectives of the role of the Carer Support Needs Assessment Tool intervention in palliative home care to identify its impact and mechanisms of action.

Design: Qualitative - practitioner accounts of implementation (interviews, focus groups, reflective audio diaries) plus researcher field notes.

Setting/participants: A total of 29 staff members from two hospice home-care services - contrasting geographical locations, different service sizes and staff composition. A thematic analysis was conducted.

Results: Existing approaches to identification of carer needs were informal and unstructured. Practitioners expressed some concerns, pre-implementation, about negative impacts of the Carer Support Needs Assessment Tool on carers and expectations raised about support available. In contrast, post-implementation, the Carer Support Needs Assessment Tool provided positive impacts when used as part of a carer-led assessment and support process: it made support needs visible, legitimised support for carers and opened up different conversations with carers. The mechanisms of action that enabled the Carer Support Needs Assessment Tool to make a difference were creating space for the separate needs of carers, providing an opportunity for carers to express support needs and responding to carers' self-defined priorities.

Conclusion: The Carer Support Needs Assessment Tool delivered benefits through a change in practice to an identifiable, separate assessment process for carers, facilitated by practitioners but carer-led. Used routinely with all carers, the Carer Support Needs Assessment Tool has the potential to normalise carer assessment and support, facilitate delivery of carer-identified support and enable effective targeting of resources.

Keywords: Carers; evidence-based practice; expressed need; needs assessment; palliative care; qualitative research.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Caregivers / psychology*
  • Focus Groups
  • Home Care Services / standards*
  • Hospice Care / methods
  • Hospice Care / psychology*
  • Hospice Care / standards
  • Humans
  • Interviews as Topic
  • Needs Assessment*
  • Palliative Care / methods
  • Palliative Care / psychology*
  • Palliative Care / standards
  • Patient Care Team
  • Qualitative Research
  • Social Support*