Purpose: Fit-for-purpose pharmacodynamic biomarkers could expedite development of combination antiangiogenic regimens. Plasma sVEGFR2 concentrations ([sVEGFR2]) mark sunitinib effects on the systemic vasculature. We hypothesized that cilengitide would impair microvasculature recovery during sunitinib withdrawal and could be detected through changes in [sVEGFR2].
Experimental design: Advanced solid tumor patients received 50 mg sunitinib daily for 14 days. For the next 14 days, patients were randomized to arm A (cilengitide 2,000 mg administered intravenously twice weekly) or arm B (no treatment). The primary endpoint was change in [sVEGFR2] between days 14 and 28. A candidate pharmacodynamic biomarker of cilengitide inhibition of integrin αvβ3, serum c-telopeptide collagen crosslinks (CTx), was also measured.
Results: Of 21 patients, 14 (7 per arm) received all treatments without interruption and had all blood samples available for analysis. The mean change and SD of [sVEGFR2] for all sunitinib-treated patients was consistent with previous data. There was no significant difference in the mean change in [sVEGFR2] from days 14 to 28 between the arms [arm A: 2.8 ng/mL; 95% confidence interval (CI), 2.1-3.6 vs. arm B: 2.0 ng/mL; 95% CI, 0.72-3.4; P = 0.22, 2-sample t test]. Additional analyses suggested (i) prior bevacizumab therapy to be associated with unusually low baseline [sVEGFR2] and (ii) sunitinib causes measurable changes in CTx.
Conclusions: Cilengitide had no measurable effects on any circulating biomarkers. Sunitinib caused measurable declines in serum CTx. The properties of [sVEGFR2] and CTx observed in this study inform the design of future combination antiangiogenic therapy trials.
©2015 American Association for Cancer Research.